The Information Analytical Edition Of The Jewish Confederation Of Ukraine
Jewish Confederation of Ukraine The Information And Analytical Edition
Of The Jewish Confederation Of Ukraine
16/35 August 2002
5762 Elul
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Philanthropy has always been favored by the Jewish nation. Philanthropists donated money to build synagogues, one of them being Brodsky's synagogue in Kiev.
Latvia's Jewish Community hasn't authorized the foundation of Mr. Zingeris to represent its interests and bears no responsibility for the foundation's activity.
Ukrainian intelligentsia has always been and remains friendly to the Jewish minority, - considers people's deputy Stepan Khmara.
Palestinian terrorists laying a bomb in the Jewish University intended to kill as many as possible Jews should even Arabs suffer.


Hungary. According to the last results of population census there are 13 thousand Jews residing in Hungary. However, the leader of Hungarian Jewish community Peter Tordai thinks the number of Jews residing in Hungary is much bigger. A sociologist Andras Kovach shares the opinion of the leader of Hungarian Jews. In one of Hungarian newspapers there were published the results of his research during which he established that nowadays around 100-120 thousand Jews live in Hungary.


Lithuania. After the announcement on remuneration for the information about Nazi accomplices 22 persons addressed the Jewish community of Lithuania in July, said the head of Lithuanian Jewish community Simonas Alperavichus. "None of these people demanded the money. People came to share the pain they have seen and experienced themselves. Regretfully, their information is rather blurred", - he said.

Estonia. According to the offers of Ministries of Education and Foreign Affairs, a Day of memory of victims of Holocaust and other crimes against the humanity is going to be celebrated in Estonian schools. January 27 is planned to be the day. It is the date of liberating a concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau.

"I believe the offer to establish such a day of memory will be unanimously supported by the Cabinet of Ministers", - said Minister of education Maylis Rand.


Poland. A march of silence took place on the eve of 60th anniversary of a writer and lecturer Yanush Korchak's death in the Treblinka former death camp. Hundreds of young people from Poland, Russia, Ukraine and Germany took part in the march. Participants of International schools and youth organizations' meeting named after an outstanding humanist Korchak joined them. They also were present at the opening of a bronze monument, representing Korchak with children, in the Jewish cemetery in Warsaw.

60 years ago, during the liquidation of a Warsaw ghetto, Korchak, despite the Nazis offerings, refused to leave 200 Jewish children, inmates of his children's home. Together with them he was taken to a Treblinka death camp where they all died.

RIA "Novosti"

Lithuania. The deputy of district council Saulyus Ozhyalis burned a Jewish flag on the central place of Taurag city. According to the MIA press-service, Ozhyalis heads the local department of the right radical party "Lithuania liberty union". Ozhyalis states he made it as a protest sign against the actions of Simon Vizental's center in Lithuania. We'll remind that at the beginning of July the head of center's Jerusalem department Efraim Zuroff offered to pay $10 thousand to every Lithuanian resident for the information necessary to bring to account those participating in Jewish genocide during World War II.


«House of terror» in BudapestHungary. Five months after its opening, "The House of Terror" became one of the most popular places in Budapest. Its aim is to perpetuate memory about victims of Nazism and communism in Hungary. At the same time, Jews in this country are worried because victims and perpetrators of both Nazism and communism are represented on an equal footing.

Characterizing Hungary as the victim of terror and failing to mention its collaboration with these odious regimes, the authorities of museum, following ultra-rightist Hungarian historians, make Hungarians not implicated in the death of 550 thousand of Jews. Only one chamber in this Museum is dedicated to the Holocaust. The Museum's conception, as viewed by the Jewish representatives, is that the communism is interpreted as a more sinister phenomenon that that of Holocaust, though the majority of Hungarian communists were Jews.

Many Hungarian Jews, who survived the Holocaust and stayed in Hungary, joined the communist party for many reasons, among them a gratitude to the Soviet troops having liberated them from ghettos, labour and death camps, idealism resulting from the communist propaganda which promised a society of equals, opportunism as the new power gave many Jews more opportunities for job. But some time past the war - in 1960 - many Jews were dismissed from high positions in the party.

The ultra-rightist government of a Hungarian Prime Minister Victor Orban, which won the elections in 1998 - grudged no expenses to found the Museum with the Soviet tank parked near its exit. Orban's party "Fidesh" ("The young democrats") informed the public that they were going to bring out old bonds with the communist regime and the secret police.

At the same time Orban's reputation was damaged by nationalistic excesses and close contacts with an anti-Semitic "Party of Justice and Life". Before the elections of 2002 he started propagating national - patriotic views. It worried 100 thousand Jews who live in Hungary. "For the first time in my life I realized I should be afraid of something", - said a 33-year old Andrash Daraniy, an executive director of the Museum of Holocaust in Budapest. One of Orban's means of struggle against the opposition represented by socialists and liberals became "The house of terror".

"That's why funds for the construction were raised so quickly, and the Museum was built in very short terms", - thinks the former communist Tibor Vamos who survived the Holocaust. As he says, the main conception of the Museum is that socialists are successors to Stalin's regime.

The lady-director of the museum Shmidt, Orban's closest adviser, rejected these accusations.

Coalition of socialists and liberals won the elections of 2002. Some socialists promised that if they won the elections, they would rename the establishment into the "The house of memory and accord".

At the moment the coalitional government does not give any precise comments as for the further destiny of the museum.

At the same time Orban, who is in the opposition now, considers "The House of Terror" as one of the greatest achievements and appeals to stand up for it.

Synagogue in SlovakiaSlovakia. The Jewish community and the government of the country hoped to sign the agreement on compensations this summer to implement payments before the elections on the 20th of September.

Joseph Vaiss, deputy director of the community, informed they hope to obtain $18 mln, which is only 10% of the estate confiscated from Jews after the war.

Peter Mikloshi, Pal Kshaki's assistant, who runs the government committee for compensation payments, informed that they planned to pay $6.6 mln.

During World War II, when Joseph Tisso was in power, he created a Nazi puppet state. About 70 thousand of Slovakian Jews were deported and executed in concentration camps.

Nowadays about 4 thousand Jews live in Slovakia.

Mikloshi stated that the decision would be adopted before the elections; the new government will handle this case.

Anna Letougina,

«Jewish Observer» -
© 2002 Jewish Confederation of Ukraine -